Saint Marie De La Mer Gitan

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(population 2,000), an overgrown village et the traveler resort, is a port conditions météorologiques the Mediterranean coast fermé to thé mouth de the petit Rhône. Cette lies around 45 kilomètre to the southwest de Arles.

The Camargue in general et Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer in details are linked with the Roma (Gypsies, français Gitans). In medieval temps this was thé site de the a Roma pilgrimage made each year to venerate heilig Sara, ce still is today.

According to locale legend three biblical Marys arrived below across auto Mediterranean Sea - hence auto name: Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer method "Three Marys ns the Sea". According to some they were Mary, mère of Jesus, Mary, sister of Lazarus, and Mary Magdalene. This ancient tradition is other of an an embarrassment à the novel Catholic Church especially auto idea that mar Magdalene, supposedly thé wife jaune concubine of Jesus, arrived v their child daughter Sara. (This histoire keeps resurfacing, most recently in the 1970 in "The divine Blood and the holy Grail" and in thé twenty life century in Dan Browne"s "The da Vinci Code". (A Church chronicler called Raynaldus mentions in thé thirteenth century that thé Cathars ns the Languedoc regarded Mary Magdelene as Jesus" concubine)

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The three Marys are occasionally represented ont Mary Jacobé (the sister ns Mary, Jesus" mother - a person invented by the roman Church to explain biblical mentions of other children frontière of thé "Virgin" Mary); Mary salon (the maman of apostles James the Greater et John); and Mary-Magdalene. Sara is often explained away oui a servant. One of two people way the three mar were supposedly expelled indigenous Jerusalem around auto year advertisement 40. They to be shipped off, together with Lazarus, Martha, Maximin, et Sidon, nous a watercraft without sails, oars or provisions. According to the story sara was not allowed conditions météorologiques board, marqué one ns the Marys threw her coat onto the waters and it miraculously turn a raft, allowing sarah to join the différent sea farers. Their watercraft eventually landed near les Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer. Auto Marys - and Sara - live out thé rest de their work in the Camargue, whereby their graves became a places de pilgrimage, especially parce que le gypsies - sarah became auto patron heilig of thé Gypsies.

Vous lisez ce: Saint marie de la mer gitan

Click here pour more on St buy it (or Sara), St Martha, St mary Magdalene, St mary Salome, St mar Jacob, Lazarus, Maximus and Sidonius

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In français Gypsies are referred to as Gitans (from Spanish gitano, brief form of egiptano (Egyptian) - thé same error about their beginnings underlies auto English indigenous "gypsy"). The Gitan pilgrimage takes place in das Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer nous 24 and 25 pouvez to celebrate mary Jacobé. A seconde pilgrimage celebrating Mary salon takes place nous the dimanche closest to thé 22 October. Throughout these pilgrimages, auto Gitan traditions mélanger with Gardian traditions.

Like almost toutes les personnes places with strong christian traditions, this une previously had a strong pagan religious tradition - an oppidum near thé village and the Camargue in general were once dedicated à Ra, the Egyption sun god.

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An important pilgrim route, auto Via Tolosana (marked in blue on the right) dirige through Arles, St-Gilles, Saint-Guilhem-le-Désert et Toulouse et crossed thé Pyrenees to join divers routes at Puenta-la-Reina, thence à Santiago along auto Via Compostelana venir Santiago de Compostela.

Another route, thé Regordane (marked in green), led from le Puy-en-Velay venir St-Gilles, passant par way ns the Cévennes, Alès and Nîmes. Some pilgrims came only as far oui St-Gilles, the fourth most significativement pilgimage cible in Europe. Others went on to Santiago aux Compostela along the Via Tolosana probably taking a detour to Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer (While Compostela claimed thé relics de St-James, Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer claimed auto relics du his mother, Mary)

Pilgrims and hikers calmer walk these old pigrimage routes. Click on the following outside link parce que le more information on walking thé Regordane

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The Camargue cross is the emblem du the church de Saints Maries-de-la-Mer. It is is composed ns three emblems, an anchor, a cross, and a heart. Thé upper overcome is alleged to represent thé trident-shaped tool used passant par Gardiens - the arms are three-pronged. The anchor symbolises thé fishermen of the region.

The church chin is ns interest. Built near venir the devoir Rhône it occupied a strategic position dominating auto village and visible indigenous 10km away. Ce was constructed between auto ninth et eleventh centuries - a time when toutes les personnes coastal communities needed to defend us from seaward threats, varying from pirate raids à full-scale invasions.

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The church consists de a 15 metre high nave (nef) without à côté de aisles, that roof surrounded par a walkway - more of a castle style chemin aux ronde than an ecclesiastical ambulatory. Thé walls space funished through crenellations (créneax) and machiolations (mâchicoulis). Thé church clearly served oui a look-out tower (guet) oui well oui a defensible possition. Thé walls attribute loop feet (meurtrières, or more specifically flechières). The Choir (chœur) and apse (abside) are surmounted by année unusual hemispherical save (donjon) with a jardin room (salle ns corps) currently innocently described ont a chapel "La Chapelle Haute". Oui in tous good defensible buildings, over there is a fine inside thé walls.

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Inside thé church, auto most evident item of interest is a statue of terne Sara put in a crypt to the right ns the alter. She is a rather improbable looking figure, dressed in a fetching pink outfit. The church claims à possess the relics of Sainte marie Jacobé et Sainte mar Salomé, discovered in in the crypt in 1448 and now housed in relicaries, having survived the français Revoltion throughout which they continual some damaged. Also of interest is a non-Christian transform in the church dating from auto fourth century BC.

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Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer was once a pilgrimige site. Ce was popular oui a stopping mission for pilgrims à St Jacques-de-Compostella, wherein hundreds de thousands de pilgrims imagine (mistakenly) the they were going venir visit the remains ns St James. They thought that cette had to be miraculously been carried to auto Atlantic côte of Spain in a floating rock boat - additionally without sails or oars. Auto popularity de Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer is because of this easily explicable. Pilgrims travelling to thé supposed interment place du St James would naturally stop éteindre on auto way venir visit thé supposed funeral place de his mother, mary Salomé.

On thé 24th & 25th of peut être each année a num of activities take carré at Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer, celebrating the whole improbable story follow me with local culture and the arrival ns Gitan pilgrims.

24th May 10:00 Mass venir celebrate the pilgrimage 15:30 ceremony du bringing out et parading the relics of the Marys 16:00 thé statue of Sara is paraded and taken down à see the sea

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25th May
10:00 Mass ns Mary Jacobé et Mary salomé 11:00 Procession to auto beach to bless auto sea, with the statues of Mary Jacobé et Mary salon being taken down à see auto sea 15:00 Sara et the Marys toutes les personnes go home for their tea.

There is also a second "pilgrimage" conditions météorologiques the sunday nearest to 22 October. This one also features the gardians, and the Marys, cible not Sara or gitans.

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26th May
, now commemorates Folco du Baroncelli, Marquis du Baroncelli 11:30 Bull to run (abrivado et bandido) in the streets of Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer 12:00 Ceremonie at the tomb de Folco du Baroncelli 15:30 Festivities in auto areana, consisting of gardian games, traditional dances et more bull running.

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Folco de Baroncelli, Marquis of Barncelli, is a Camargue hero. Cette was attaché in Aix in 1869, of année aristocratic florentine family, et soon developed a love of bulls. Cette settled in thé Camargue in 1895, founding the Manando Santenco near à Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer. Life in reasonably harsh hachette he championed thé Provencal / Occitan cause. Cette codified thé activities du the gardians et promoted minority rights. Cette was ns Baroncelli pour example who won for the gitans the right to honour heilig Sara publicly. He as also resonsible for Camargue steed races. The Marquis is also remembered for his humanity and generosity. His dur is always well attended de gitans and gardians among many others.

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In 1904 frederic Mistral thé great champion du Occitan and Occitania founded a bien sur of Virgins (
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Festo Vierginenco,
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félicitations des Vierges). Hey organised auto event himself in Arles et expressed the wish the every Occitan city should host a similar Festo. Many thanks largely à Folco aux Baroncelli, Marquis of Barncelli, Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer has actually retained this "new tradition". Each year les cavaliers ns la Nacioun Gardiano and the people of Arles come à Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer nous the last sunday in July et young females walk about in classic dress. This is another excuse for bull running, gardian equestrian games, classic Occitan dancing, et other festivities.

Office de tourisme des Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer: 5, avenue Van- Gogh, BP 34, 13732 esquive Saintes-Marie-de-la-Mer. Phone: +33 (0)4 40 97 82 55. Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer Tourist bureau - www.saintesmaries.com

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Click here parce que le more on Gardian Marina at Saintes Maries

Click here à la more nous the Mediterranean côte Click here for Languedoc-Roussillon naturist beaches Click here pour Languedoc-Roussillon marinas

Click here parce que le more nous the Romanies and Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer native http://www.greatriver.com

The existing Languedoc et Provence, together represent the area covered passant par the old Roman"s first province outside Italy. The Camargue, lying in thé Rhone Delta, is positioned between the Languedoc and Provence. For more on Provence and the Provençal town du Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer, click nous the following link which will open a new window à Beyond the français Riviera www.beyond.fr

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