Tarif Au M2 Du Local De Référence

Power prices in Germany are among the highest in Europe. The high costs partly are périmé to auto mandatory soutien for renewable energy sources – but most customers continuez to soutien the country"s energy transition regardless. Wholesale power prices nous average ont been in decline in recent years, marqué surcharges, taxes, and grid fees progressive the bill for Germany"s personal households et small businesses. However, marché observers to speak that puissance costs are regularly not also high enough for customers to look parce que le cheaper alternatives. At auto same time, auto 2021 power price hike in leurope  is upsetting government plans to ease the financial burden nous housheholds by reducing fees and surcharges conditions météorologiques consumption.

Vous lisez ce: Tarif au m2 du local de référence

The average force price parce que le households et small businesses in Germany was standing at 31.94 cents tout de suite kilowatt hour (ct/kWh) in the first half de 2021, follow to année analysis by the German association of Energy and Water industrie (BDEW). Through 51.4 percent, more than half ns the price was périmé to politically figured out components, such oui taxes, levies, and surcharges (16.4 ct/kWh).

About one quarter of the 2021 price (7.8 ct/kWh) result from regulation grid fees, which include metering et associated services. De nouveau 7.74 cents were set par the market, meaning the costs accumulation from puissance supply et distribution that likewise make up thé wholesale power price and include the supplier’s margin.

Commercial customers space exempt from bien sur components de the puissance price et some levies vary according to thé consumer"s location. While the state directly or indirectly sets much more than half du the price, ce receives profits from the two taxes et the concession levy only. The divers levies marche to grid operators, renewable power producers, and conventional electricity producers.

The renewable energy surcharge (EEG-Umlage) pays the state-guaranteed price pour renewable energy to producers. It stood at 6.5 ct/kWh in 2021 but will it is in reduced à 3.72 ct/kWh in 2022, thé country"s undlion grid operators announced. Thé surcharge"s reduction has been promised in auto context of Germany"s carbon pricing system in heating and transport, introduced in 2021, à ease auto financial burden nous customers who have to pay more à la fossil energy sources. A finish elimination de the surcharge has been pondered à la some time and could be imposed in the next years.


Total price: 31.94 ct/kWh*

Supplier’s expense (24%)

The lucratif margin et supplier’s cost ns purchasing power conditions météorologiques the wholesale market - 7.74 ct/kWh

Grid charge (24%)

Charges for the use ns the force grid, set de the commonwealth Network firm (BNetzA) - 7.8 ct/kWh

Renewable energy surchargé (20%)

Finances thé feed-in tariffs parce que le renewable power and the market premium paid à larger producer - 6.5 ct/kWh

Sales taxes (VAT) (16%)

The sales taxation is 19 percent on the pre-tax price of electricity. It makes increase 16 percent of the price after tax - 5.1 ct/kWh

Electricity taxation (6%)

A tax on the consumption ns power, also known ont ’ecological tax‘ in Germany - 2.05 ct/kWh

Concession raise (5%)

A levy conditions météorologiques the use of public space pour power transmission lines that the utility passes conditions météorologiques to the consumer - 1.66 ct/kWh, depending nous the size de the affected area.

Offshore liability levy (0.03%)

Grid operators have to pay damages si they fail à connect offshore wind farms in a timely way in order à sell the énergie they produce. Operator can paragraphe these costs conditions météorologiques to consumers with this levy - 0.009 ct/kWh.

Surcharge pour combined heat et power tree (0.08%)

Operators de combined heat et power (CHP) plants obtain a guarantee price nous the electricity they sell. The difference between auto guaranteed price and the actual price castle receive nous the marché is financed through this surchargé - 0.25 ct/kWh.

Levy for industry rebate nous grid fees (1.3%)

Large puissance consumers room partially jaune totally freed from net charges. These expenses are distributed amongst consumers dessus this levy, amounting to 0.43 ct/kWh.

<*Difference à 100% due to rounding. Source: BDEW 2021>


In the first half of 2021, auto monthly electricity facture for an average German household consisting of three personnes with a an unified annual consumption of 3,500 kWh was 93.17 euros, auto BDEW said. This is about 87 percent higher in nominal terms than thé level de 1998, . But the increase is much lower in actual terms, just over 33 percent, meaning if the price is adjusted for inflation.

While thé nominal price de supply, distribution, and grid fees grew by 19 percent since thé reference year, that of taxes, levies, and surcharges grew passant par 303 percent. This is partly due to the substantial increase in the renewable energy surcharge, up from 0.08 ct/kWh in 1998 à 6.5 ct/kWh in 2021.

The renewables surchargé now accounts à la one fifth ns a household"s electrical energy bill. Cette corresponds to auto difference between thé wholesale price et the higher, fixed price pour green energy, which is guaranteed passant par law à renewable power producers pour 20 years. Grid operators pass conditions météorologiques the difference à consumers. Unlike high-volume la publicité customers, families are required venir pay thé full amount of levies et taxes.

According to thé BDEW, family members were liable venir pay 8.2 billion euros out du the le total 22.7 billion euros renewables surcharge in 2019. This method private client footed much more than a third of the country"s power facture - while they account for less climate a quarter ns consumption, as figures de the German Environment firm (UBA) show. 

After increasing constantly since its présenter in thé year 2000, thé EEG surcharge decreased parce que le a life time in 2015 and again in beforehand 2018. In 2019, ce dropped pour a 3rd time. However, household power prices did no mirror auto renewable surcharge"s fluctuation. In beforehand 2019, the average force price even was 2.5 percent higher than une year before, which according to thé BDEW was périmé to greater electricity procurer costs parce que le retailers on the wholesale market.

In 2022, the surchargé will drop by almost half venir 3.72 ct/kWh, which was seen ont a much-needed respite à la customers amid thé energy price hike across europe in the lundi half du 2021. The new levy would save année average three-person family members with an annual puissance consumption de 4,000 kWh about 130 euros per year. However, high all prices et rising net fees pouvez eat increase potential savings parce que le households, said price to compare website Verivox. Outgoing economy and energy minister peter Altmaier in so late 2021 called conditions météorologiques the prochain government to continuez working towards auto end de the surcharge et pay auto fixed remuneration à la renewable power base directly from auto state"s budget.

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At thé same time, greater grid fees space poised à increase the power facture for plenty of households in 2022, with comparison website Verivox saying thé average household"s costs à la the fee will increase by 11 euros to 303 euros. This way that grid costs pour customers will ont increased de more than une third end ten years, Verivox added.


Price compare website Verivox raffinement private client paid the highest prices ever in late 2021, an interpretation Germany continues to be thé country with the highest nominal power prices in leurope  households et businesses that space not exempt from the surcharge. Et despite thé reduced renewables surcharge lowering prices de about 11 percent, thé high price level would certainly likely continuez to prevail also in 2022, Verivox adds. 

Even despite wholesale énergie prices in Germany ont on average declined in current years before picking up again in 2018 and the renewables surcharge was lower in 2019, companies were reluctant to paragraphe these reductions on to customers. According à consumer association Verbraucherzentrale of federal state north Rhine-Westphalia (NRW), power providers would use "any argument" à justify price increases or to prevent lower prices.

The Verbraucherzentrale saus that customers could save money de routinely comparing prices and changing your contracts accordingly. German customers can select from at least 20 different providers the cover auto entire country, and from more than 50 carriers that cater venir 85 percent of toutes les personnes households, according to the BDEW.

However, there likewise seems à exist a avec certitude inertia amongst German consumers. More than half du them stick venir their long-term suppliers et existing contracts, even though cheaper option are available, a survey by the Federal association for informations Technology (Bitkom) found. Thé price differences between these have the right to be substantial, periodically reaching 20-30 percent.

Comparison website Verivox says personnes in east Germany are specifically reluctant to échanger their énergie provider, also though power prices there nous average are 1.2 percent higher périmé to differences in net fees. Households in ouest Germany adjusted their provider at a rate slightly above the denchères average, whereas east customers stayed frais below it.

Apart from switching providers, efficient use is autre way toutes les personnes can save money on their énergie bills. In Germany, industries as well oui private consumers have adopted to save strategies, prefer buying energy-efficient appliances jaune switching to low-energy light bulbs. Over auto past 20 years, German households ont reduced their energy consumption par 10 percent, while thé respective rate in auto United says increased par 20 percent. In 2014, année average German family members used much less than a third du the power of its nous equivalent, and also less than année average household in other surtout industrialised countries in Europe, such as France, Britain, or Spain.

However, a 2019 analysis found that households calmer waste about 9 billion euros per year en raison de to neglecting power saving advices, like efficace use du appliances favor washing machine or switching éteindre standby functions. This would amount to roguhly 570 euro in to save for année average 4-person household.


Although in early 2019 they paid the highest nominal power prices of toutes les personnes customers in Europe, a stabilité majority ns Germans continuez to faire un don the power transition et consider ce generally beneficial pour the economy. A faisabilité explanation for this carefree attitude is that auto financial impact of rising puissance prices conditions météorologiques the household budgets is no substantial pour many people, since it constitutes only a reasonably small fraction of their total income.

If prices are counted in real terms, the country actually ranks in thé midfield compared à fellow eu states. In Bulgaria, for example, énergie prices space only one third du those in Germany. Cible not seul are puissance outages much much more common, Bulgarians on average also earn only une ninth of the mean salary in Germany, un journal Tageszeitung (taz) reported. 

In 2015, seul 2.3 percent de the households’ disposable revenue were spent conditions météorologiques electricity, similar à mid-1980s levels. In 1998, auto respective figure was 1.78 percent, oui the liberalisation de energy markets commander to a temporary price drop.

Surprisingly, many people in Germany do not also know how much they actually spend on electricity at all. In a 2017 survey conducted passant par Bitkom, 92 percent of respondents said puissance consumption was an important consideration when buying new household appliances. At the same time, almost fifty percent (49 percent) of respondents stated that they walk not sait their annual power consumption, et 37 cogner had non idea how much castle paid parce que le it.

Total family members energy prices in Germany, which incorporate heating, electricity, et petrol were in reality falling in between 2013 et 2017, native 0ver 260 venir about 230 euros, according venir economy to adjust figures. This amounted à 6.4 percent of the mean household"s expenditures. Petrol and other fuel accounted parce que le the biggest share, followed by heating. Electricity costs ranked third.


The rapid price hike on internationale energy sectors in the global recovery of concis activity in the wake of the covid pandemic has hit energy consumers in Germany et across Europe, leading to nouveau price records and at least temporarily eat away expense reduction steps like auto lowered renewables surcharge. At auto same time, auto CO2 pricing scheme pour emissions in the heating and transport sector the was introduced in 2021 and will progressively rise over auto coming years adds additional pressure on households to manage their energy costs. While auto price increase is particularly strong for oil et gas, electrical energy prices have also to be spiking. Around 17 percent de Germany"s power were provided par gas in the tons half du 2021 et gas-fired power production looks set to assume année important bridging an innovation during the phase-out of coal and nuclear power.

The German government has opted parce que le a cautious approach regarding marché interventions et support payments, calling the price hike "a special marché situation under complimentary price formation," adding that a vital aim du the government nevertheless would certainly be à ensure power remains "affordable." besides short-term actions like heating allowances or commuter tax soulagement payments, the best way to counter puissance price hikes in the émergence would be to quickly broaden renewable power fabrication capacity, the government said. 

Consumer abrite organisation vzbv calculate that thé higher prices will significantly increase the average household"s energy bill. In a flat of 100 square metres, consumers would pay around 980 instead of 770 euros per year for natural gas for heating and warm water. However, customers, de course, could influence the prices they pay de choosing cheaper providers jaune consuming less thanks to meilleur insulated buildings, the daccueil added.

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Price compare website Verivox calculate that sleeve prices for power providers nous average have increased par about 25 percent passant par Ocotber 2021 contrasted to one year before. Germany would as such likely continuez to oui the highest énergie prices in europe also in 2022, uneven a new government introduces drastic price reduction procedures like a complete abolishment of the renewables surcharge.